Marking Tools

Scribe or Razor Blade The measurement and layout lines must be marked precisely. A pencil is too dull. The timbers may be large, bulky, and unevenly hewed… but the joints must be measured/marked perfectly if they are to fit perfectly.…

Timber Frame Layout

Their are two types of layout methods for timber framing; square rule and scribe rule. Scribe rule involves full-scale layout and mating each piece together before marking and cutting, a laborious process but useful for irregular timbers. Square rule assumes a perfectly square timber exists inside every timber, and if we take measurements off of this perfect square, we can cut all of our joinery and then assemble it later and it will fit. No test fitting needed… or very little. We’ll be covering square rule layout in this article.

Broad Hatchet

A single-beveled broad hatchet, restored with loving care.

The broad hatchet, or side axe, is a scaled down version of the broad axe. I use my broad hatchet all the time to quickly rough out the shape I’m trying to form. You can remove a lot of wood…

Peavey & Cant Hook

Peavey holding up a log.

The peavey and cant hook are very similar. One end grips the log, the long handle on the other end gives you leverage to roll large logs around. ┬áThe difference between the peavey and cant hook is the tip. A…

Chisels

Chisel

For timber framing, you’ll need at least one chisel. Most mortises in a timber frame are 1.5″ or 2″, so if you only own one chisel, I would make it a 1.5″ framing chisel. With this one chisel, you could…

Auger Bits

Russell Jennings auger bits in a box.

There are two styles of drill bits used for timber framing, Jennings style auger bits and Forstner bits. A Jennings spiral bit has a central tip that looks like a screw, whereas a Forstner bit is guided by cutting teeth…